Emma Watson: La equidad de género también es tu problema

Sep 26

Emma Watson: La equidad de género también es tu problema

9.48

Discurso de la actriz y Embajadora de la Buena Voluntad de la ONU-Mujeres, Emma Watson, en un evento especial para la campaña HeForShe, a favor de la equidad de género. Sede de las Naciones Unidas, Nueva York.

Conclusiones Estructurales
10
9.6
9.8
8.0
10
Argumento principal
Lógica de argumentación
Tono emocional
Soportes de la argumentación
Cierre
Caracterización del Patrón Cognitivo del Pensamiento©
7.2%
42.8%
17.5%
19.3%
13.2%
Hechos y datos
Percepciones
Escenarios negativos
Escenarios positivos
Propuestas
Conclusiones Estructurales
Argumento principal
10
Lógica de argumentación
9.6
Tono emocional
9.8
Soportes de la argumentacion
8.0
Cierre
10
Argumento principal
10

Contundente, clara y directa al señalar el propósito de su mensaje. En las primeras palabras, la actriz señala cuál es el motivo de su presencia y qué necesita de quienes le escuchan. Apegada al tema y la forma en que desarrolla el resto de su mensaje, el argumento con que comienza es mencionado diciendo:

"I am reaching out to you because I need your help. We want to end gender inequality—and to do that we need everyone to be involved."
"Me acerco a ustedes porque necesito su ayuda. Queremos terminar la inequidad de género, y para lograrlo necesitamos que todos se involucren."

Lógica de argumentación
9.6

Un desarrollo consecuente de ideas a través de una mezcla de percepciones y datos que van envolviendo el propósito de su mensaje.

Por ejemplo: "fighting for women’s rights has too often become synonymous with man-hating. If there is one thing I know for certain, it is that this has to stop." - "luchar por los derechos de las mujeres se convierte frecuentemente en sinónimo de odio a los hombres. Y si hay  algo de lo que estoy segura es que eso debe terminar." Dicha característica discursiva facilita la comprensión por parte de su audiencia,  pues permite generar identificación y empatía con lo planteado.

Watson concluye su objetivo principal con una propuesta ideológica clara. Luego de una disertación bien ordenada, dice "Both men and women should feel free to be sensitive. Both men and women should feel free to be strong... It is time that we all perceive gender on a spectrum not as two opposing sets of ideals." - "Tanto los hombres como las mujeres deben sentirse libres para ser sensibles. Tanto los hombres como las mujeres deben sentirse libres para ser fuertes... Es tiempo de que todos percibamos el género dentro de un espectro, no como dos conjuntos de ideales opuestos."

Al ser un discurso de género, la actriz logra atraer la atención de la audiencia masculina señalando, según su dicho, cuál es la condición de los hombres ante la inequidad. Dice "I’ve seen men made fragile and insecure by a distorted sense of what constitutes male success. Men don’t have the benefits of equality either." - "He visto a hombres frágiles e inseguros por el distorsionado sentido de lo que constituye el éxito masculino. Los hombres tampoco tienen los beneficios de la equidad (de género)."

Como parte de su (pre)ocupación sobre la equidad de género, la actriz se justifica refiriendo a padres, maestros y sociedad que le rodearon y le rodean, como pilar de la formación de su personalidad... los llama "(the) influencers were the gender equality ambassadors that made who I am today." - "(los) influenciadores que fueron los embajadores de la equidad de género, que me hicieron quien soy ahora."

Tono emocional
9.8

Adecuado, al ser un discurso que procura la reflexión, emplea narraciones en primera persona que ayudan a generar empatía. Por
ejemplo: "When at 14 I started being sexualized by certain elements of the press. When at 15 my girlfriends started dropping out of their sports teams because they didn’t want to appear 'muscly.'" - "A los 14 comencé a ser sexualizada por ciertos miembros de la prensa. A los 15, mis amigas comenzaron a dejar sus equipos de deportes porque no querían parecer 'musculosas'".

Constantemente se apoya en cuestionamientos y su propia experiencia para posicionar su mensaje como el de "cualquier mujer". Le ayudan a tal propósito frases como "I am one of the lucky ones" - "soy una de las afortunadas", "I’ve seen my father’s role" - "He visto el papel de mi padre...", o bien "I’ve seen young men..." - "He visto jóvenes..."

Soportes de la argumentación
8.0

Un discurso que se caracteriza por la auto-revelación y el uso cuestionamientos que procuran la reflexión, pero que cuenta con pocos datos precisos que puedan ayudar a dimensionar el problema y fijar objetivos. Cautelosa en sus aseveraciones, la actriz hace una
justificación permanente y explica su convencimiento de cumplir con las necesidades planteadas a través de datos, anécdotas y percepciones; éstas últimas rigurosamente señaladas como propias y no como ciertas. Por ejemplo cuando dijo "Apparently I am among the ranks of women whose expressions are seen as too strong, too aggressive, isolating, anti-men and, unattractive." - "Al parecer, estoy entre las mujeres cuyas expresiones son vistas como muy fuertes, muy agresivas, de aislamiento, anti-hombres y poco atractivas."

Consecuente con su mensaje pero con poca precisión o sin revelar fuentes, la actriz cita algunos datos que ayudan a dimensionar la gravedad del problema que acusa. Por ejemplo: "not (to) all women have been afforded the same rights that I have. In fact, statistically, very few have been." - "no (a) todas las mujeres se les ha otorgado los mismos derechos que yo tengo. De hecho, estadísticamente, muy pocas han sido." O cuando dice "15.5 million girls will be married in the next 16 years as children" - "15.5 millones de chicas serán casadas en los próximos 16 años como niñas".

Cierre
10

Retoma su argumento y con el empleo de datos, revelaciones y tesis, lanza a sus escuchas la propuesta de unirse a la causa mencionada en sus primeras palabras. Alienta a su audiencia en el cumplimiento de su propuesta diciéndoles: "the good news is we have a uniting movement. It is called HeForShe. I am inviting you to step forward, to be seen to speak up, To be the he for she. And to ask yourself if not me, who, if not now when." - "la buena noticia es que tenemos un movimiento unificador. Se llama ÉLparaELLA. Y los invito a dar un paso adelante, a ser portavoces, a ser el Él para Ella. Y a preguntarse a ustedes mismos: si no soy yo, quién; si no es ahora, cuándo."

Con la misma voz en primera persona, la actriz refrenda su compromiso con la causa: "I don’t know if I am qualified to be here. All I know is that I care about this problem. And I want to make it better." - "No se si estoy calificada para estar aquí. Todo lo que se es que me preocupa este problema. Y que quiero que mejore."

Caracterización del Patrón Cognitivo del Pensamiento©
Hechos y datos
7.2%

7.1% de palabras para emitir Datos sin fuente y Citas a Terceros, por ejemplo: "For the record, feminism by definition is: “The belief that men and women should have equal rights and opportunities. It is the theory of the political, economic and social equality of the sexes.”" "English statesman Edmund Burke said: “All that is needed for the forces of evil to triumph is for enough good men and women to do nothing.”"

Con fuente
0%
Sin fuente
5%
Cita a terceros
2.2%
Percepciones
42.8%

La Percepción es la Categoría más empleada del texto con 43% de palabras para formular principalmente Opiniones (17%), Autorrevelaciones (10.5%) y Declaración de Principios (6%). Un ejemplo de Autorrevelación: "I started questioning gender-based assumptions when at eight I was confused at being called “bossy,” because I wanted to direct the plays we would put on for our parents—but the boys were not.When at 14 I started being sexualized by certain elements of the press. When at 15 my girlfriends started dropping out of their sports teams because they didn’t want to appear “muscly.” When at 18 my male friends were unable to express their feelings."

Opinión
17.3%
Referencia a terceros
2.2%
Provocación
4.1%
Comparación
0%
Duda/pregunta
2.6%
Juicio de valor positivo
0%
Juicio de valor negativo
0%
Autorevelación
10.5%
Idea épica
0%
Declaración de principios
6.1%
Escenarios negativos
17.5%

Una de cada 6 palabras del discurso sirve para construir pruebas o razonamientos en una lógica de establecer los inconvenientes actuales de la inequidad de género para hombres y mujeres y de anticipar nuevos peligros. "I’ve seen young men suffering from mental illness unable to ask for help for fear it would make them look less “macho”—in fact in the UK suicide is the biggest killer of men between 20-49; eclipsing road accidents, cancer and coronary heart disease. I’ve seen men made fragile and insecure by a distorted sense of what constitutes male success. Men don’t have the benefits of equality either."

Amenazas
6%
Debilidades
11.5%
Escenarios positivos
19.3%

Casi una de cada 5 palabras para exponer lógicamente los elementos favorables formulados como oportunidades o fortalezas. "We don’t often talk about men being imprisoned by gender stereotypes but I can see that that they are and that when they are free, things will change for women as a natural consequence: If men don’t have to be aggressive in order to be accepted women won’t feel compelled to be submissive. If men don’t have to control, women won’t have to be controlled (...)."

Ventajas
0%
Oportunidades
14.2%
Fortalezas
5.1%
Propuestas
13.2%

13% de las palabras del texto corresponden a una Propuesta. Como Responsables: Los hombres; Como Objetivo: acabar con la inequidad de género; y Como Acciones propuestas: "Both men and women should feel free to be sensitive. Both men and women should feel free to be strong... It is time that we all perceive gender on a spectrum not as two opposing sets of ideals(...) I am inviting you to step forward, to be seen to speak up, To be the he for she. And to ask yourself if not me, who, if not now when."

Propuesta completa
0%
Sólo estrategia
0%
Sólo objetivos
5.9%
Idea genérica
0%
Sólo acción
5.7%
Sólo responsables
1.6%
Cápsula y opinión

Estructuralmente, discurso de 9.5/10 en escala ADQAT; 1230 palabras de una sencillez y profundidad impecable. Pulcro en términos de argumento principal, lógica argumental, tono emocional y cierre; su elemento menos potente, son los soportes a la argumentación.

Contundente, clara y directa al señalar el propósito de su mensaje. En las primeras palabras, la actriz manifiesta el motivo de su presencia y qué necesita de quienes le escuchan; expresó: Me acerco a ustedes porque necesito su ayuda. Queremos terminar la inequidad de género, y para lograrlo necesitamos que todos se involucren.

Un desarrollo hilvanado de ideas, en una mezcla de percepciones y datos que arropan y fortalecen el propósito de su mensaje. Lanza un claro: luchar por los derechos de las mujeres se convierte frecuentemente en sinónimo de odio a los hombres. Y si hay algo de lo que estoy segura es que eso debe terminar.

Mensaje de diversos recursos cognitivos: 7% de sus palabras expresan datos o hechos sin fuente y alguna cita a terceros. Prolijo en materia de emociones a las que destina casi 45 de cada 100 palabras, bajo forma de opinión, autorrevelación, declaración de principios, provocación, dudas y referencias a terceros. En materia de racionales, es realista y equilibrada al destinar 17% de sus palabras a lo negativo y 20% a lo positivo. Construye algunas propuestas bajo forma de objetivos, acciones y responsables.

Habla de sí misma al decir: A los 14 años comencé a ser sexualizada por ciertos miembros de la prensa. A los 15, mis amigas comenzaron a dejar sus equipos de deportes porque no querían parecer 'musculosas'. O cuando a los 18 mis amigos eran incapaces de expresar sus sentimientos.

Provoca al señalar: Ningún país en el mundo puede decir aun que ha alcanzado la equidad de género. Impecable y refrescante discurso. En México, vamos mal y tarde en la materia.

See video
Discurso Íntegro

Today we are launching a campaign called “HeForShe.”

I am reaching out to you because I need your help. We want to end gender inequality—and to do that we need everyone to be involved.

This is the first campaign of its kind at the UN: we want to try and galvanize as many men and boys as possible to be advocates for gender equality. And we don’t just want to talk about it, but make sure it is tangible.

I was appointed six months ago and the more I have spoken about feminism the more I have realized that fighting for women’s rights has too often become synonymous with man-hating. If there is one thing I know for certain, it is that this has to stop.

For the record, feminism by definition is: “The belief that men and women should have equal rights and opportunities. It is the theory of the political, economic and social equality of the sexes.”

I started questioning gender-based assumptions when at eight I was confused at being called “bossy,” because I wanted to direct the plays we would put on for our parents—but the boys were not.

When at 14 I started being sexualized by certain elements of the press.

When at 15 my girlfriends started dropping out of their sports teams because they didn’t want to appear “muscly.”

When at 18 my male friends were unable to express their feelings.

I decided I was a feminist and this seemed uncomplicated to me. But my recent research has shown me that feminism has become an unpopular word.

Apparently I am among the ranks of women whose expressions are seen as too strong, too aggressive, isolating, anti-men and, unattractive.

Why is the word such an uncomfortable one?

I am from Britain and think it is right that as a woman I am paid the same as my male counterparts. I think it is right that I should be able to make decisions about my own body. I think it is right that women be involved on my behalf in the policies and decision-making of my country. I think it is right that socially I am afforded the same respect as men. But sadly I can say that there is no one country in the world where all women can expect to receive these rights.

No country in the world can yet say they have achieved gender equality.

These rights I consider to be human rights but I am one of the lucky ones. My life is a sheer privilege because my parents didn’t love me less because I was born a daughter. My school did not limit me because I was a girl. My mentors didn’t assume I would go less far because I might give birth to a child one day. These influencers were the gender equality ambassadors that made who I am today. They may not know it, but they are the inadvertent feminists who are. And we need more of those.  And if you still hate the word—it is not the word that is important but the idea and the ambition behind it. Because not all women have been afforded the same rights that I have. In fact, statistically, very few have been.

In 1997, Hilary Clinton made a famous speech in Beijing about women’s rights. Sadly many of the things she wanted to change are still a reality today.

But what stood out for me the most was that only 30 per cent of her audience were male. How can we affect change in the world when only half of it is invited or feel welcome to participate in the conversation?

Men—I would like to take this opportunity to extend your formal invitation. Gender equality is your issue too.

Because to date, I’ve seen my father’s role as a parent being valued less by society despite my needing his presence as a child as much as my mother’s.

I’ve seen young men suffering from mental illness unable to ask for help for fear it would make them look less “macho”—in fact in the UK suicide is the biggest killer of men between 20-49; eclipsing road accidents, cancer and coronary heart disease. I’ve seen men made fragile and insecure by a distorted sense of what constitutes male success. Men don’t have the benefits of equality either. 

We don’t often talk about men being imprisoned by gender stereotypes but I can see that that they are and that when they are free, things will change for women as a natural consequence.

If men don’t have to be aggressive in order to be accepted women won’t feel compelled to be submissive. If men don’t have to control, women won’t have to be controlled.

Both men and women should feel free to be sensitive. Both men and women should feel free to be strong… It is time that we all perceive gender on a spectrum not as two opposing sets of ideals.

If we stop defining each other by what we are not and start defining ourselves by what we are—we can all be freer and this is what HeForShe is about. It’s about freedom.

I want men to take up this mantle. So their daughters, sisters and mothers can be free from prejudice but also so that their sons have permission to be vulnerable and human too—reclaim those parts of themselves they abandoned and in doing so be a more true and complete version of themselves.

You might be thinking who is this Harry Potter girl? And what is she doing up on stage at the UN. It’s a good question and trust me I have been asking myself the same thing. I don’t know if I am qualified to be here. All I know is that I care about this problem. And I want to make it better.

And having seen what I’ve seen—and given the chance—I feel it is my duty to say something. English statesman Edmund Burke said: “All that is needed for the forces of evil to triumph is for enough good men and women to do nothing.”

In my nervousness for this speech and in my moments of doubt I’ve told myself firmly—if not me, who, if not now, when. If you have similar doubts when opportunities are presented to you I hope those words might be helpful.

Because the reality is that if we do nothing it will take 75 years, or for me to be nearly a hundred before women can expect to be paid the same as men for the same work. 15.5 million girls will be married in the next 16 years as children. And at current rates it won’t be until 2086 before all rural African girls will be able to receive a secondary education.

If you believe in equality, you might be one of those inadvertent feminists I spoke of earlier.

And for this I applaud you.

We are struggling for a uniting word but the good news is we have a uniting movement. It is called HeForShe. I am inviting you to step forward, to be seen to speak up, To be the he for she. And to ask yourself if not me, who, if not now when.

Thank you.